Shoulder conditions

Shoulder conditions


The acromio-clavicular joint (ACJ) is where the outer end of the clavicle (collarbone) meets the shoulder bone (acromion) and forms the point on top of the shoulder. Cartilage normally covers the ends of these bones and forms a smooth gliding surface. Arthritis occurs when these smooth cushioned layers become thinned and roughened.

Subacromial impingement

Subacromial impingement is a common condition that causes pain in the shoulder and upper arm. It occurs when the tendons of the rotator cuff or the space (bursa) overlying them become pinched in a tunnel called the subacromial space.


Shoulder arthritis occurs when the cartilage surface of the ball and socket joint of the shoulder is damaged or becomes worn. Cartilage normally covers the ends of bones and forms a smooth gliding surface. Shoulder arthritis most commonly occurs as a result of osteoarthritis (or wear and tear arthritis).


Shoulder arthroscopy is a form of minimally invasive surgery. It involves inserting a small telescope (arthroscope) with an in-built light source and a camera into the shoulder joint, providing the ability to treat a wide range of conditions that would previously have required major open surgical procedures.


Frozen Shoulder is also known as adhesive capsulitis. It is an inflammatory condition that affects the joint lining (or capsule) of the shoulder joint. This causes pain and loss of movement of the shoulder.

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